Annique Smith is a Doctoral researcher at the Gamification group, Tampere University. She holds a Masters degree in Multimedia from the University of Pretoria, South Africa. Her Masters dissertation was about the facilitation of intrinsic motivation in higher education using a gamified website. She is currently employed full-time as a lecturer in Multimedia in the Department of Information Science at the University of Pretoria. Her doctoral research focuses on the use of gamification in flipped classrooms in higher education.