Using Robust Viterbi Algorithm and HMM-Modeling in Unit Selection TTS to Replace Units of Poor Quality

Silén, Hanna; Helander, Elina; Nurminen, Jani; Koppinen, Konsta; Gabbouj, Moncef

In hidden Markov model-based unit selection synthesis, the benefits of both unit selection and statistical parametric speech synthesis are combined. However, conventional Viterbi algorithm is forced to do a selection also when no suitable units are available. This can drift the search and decrease the overall quality. Consequently, we propose to use robust Viterbi algorithm that can simultaneously detect bad units and select the best sequence. The unsuitable units are replaced using hidden Markov model-based synthesis. Evaluations indicate that the use of robust Viterbi algorithm combined with unit replacement increases the quality compared to the traditional algorithm.


speech synthesis; robust Viterbi algorithm; unit selection; hidden Markov models

Research areas

Book title:
Interspeech 2010
Demo available at: