Coupled dictionaries for exemplar-based speech enhancement and automatic speech recognition


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Baby, Deepak; Virtanen, Tuomas; Gemmeke, Jort; hamme, Hugo Van

Abstract

Exemplar-based speech enhancement systems work by decomposing the noisy speech as a weighted sum of speech and noise exemplars stored in a dictionary and use the resulting speech and noise estimates to obtain a time-varying filter in the full-resolution frequency domain to enhance the noisy speech. To obtain the decomposition, exemplars sampled in lower dimensional spaces are preferred over the full-resolution frequency domain for their reduced computational complexity and the ability to better generalize to unseen cases. But the resulting filter may be sub-optimal as the mapping of the obtained speech and noise estimates to the full-resolution frequency domain yields a low-rank approximation. This paper proposes an efficient way to directly compute the full-resolution frequency estimates of speech and noise using coupled dictionaries: an input dictionary containing atoms from the desired exemplar space to obtain the decomposition and a coupled output dictionary containing exemplars from the full-resolution frequency domain. We also introduce modulation spectrogram features for the exemplar-based tasks using this approach. The proposed system was evaluated for various choices of input exemplars and yielded improved speech enhancement performances on the AURORA-2 and AURORA-4 databases. We further show that the proposed approach also results in improved word error rates (WERs) for the speech recognition tasks using HMM-GMM and deep-neural network (DNN) based systems.

Keywords

Exemplar-based; Modulation envelope; Noise robust automatic speech recognition; Non-negative sparse coding

Research areas

Year:
2015
Journal:
Ieee-Acm transactions on audio speech and language processing
Volume:
23
Number:
11
Pages:
1788-1799
Month:
11
ISSN:
2329-9290
DOI:
10.1109/TASLP.2015.2450491