Automatic segmentation of infant cry signals using hidden Markov models


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Naithani, Gaurav; Kivinummi, Jaana; Virtanen, Tuomas; Tammela, Outi; Peltola, Mikko J.; Leppänen, Jukka M.

Abstract

Automatic extraction of acoustic regions of interest from recordings captured in realistic clinical environments is a necessary preprocessing step in any cry analysis system. In this study, we propose a hidden Markov model (HMM) based audio segmentation method to identify the relevant acoustic parts of the cry signal (i.e., expiratory and inspiratory phases) from recordings made in natural environments with various interfering acoustic sources. We examine and optimize the performance of the system by using different audio features and HMM topologies. In particular, we propose using fundamental frequency and aperiodicity features. We also propose a method for adapting the segmentation system trained on acoustic material captured in a particular acoustic environment to a different acoustic environment by using feature normalization and semi-supervised learning (SSL). The performance of the system was evaluated by analyzing a total of 3 h and 10 min of audio material from 109 infants, captured in a variety of recording conditions in hospital wards and clinics. The proposed system yields frame-based accuracy up to 89.2%. We conclude that the proposed system offers a solution for automated segmentation of cry signals in cry analysis applications.

Keywords

Acoustic analysis; Audio segmentation; Hidden Markov models; Infant cry analysis; Model adaptation

Year:
2018
Journal:
Eurasip Journal on Audio, Speech, and Music Processing
Volume:
2018
Number:
1
ISSN:
1687-4714
DOI:
10.1186/s13636-018-0124-x